Open Scars and Cuts
Open scars and cuts are wounds that were fresh and unhealed on the skin. These types of defects have open grain, and typically cannot be included in the cutting area.
These are holes made from the bullets of subsistence hunting.
Usually occur from scars or cuts that opened up during the tanning process due to the mechanical action of the drum’s rotation. Also, holes can happen as a result of poor skinning technique.
Wide center holes
These holes are the result of the body grease of the animal and the tanning process in the drums that makes them open up sometimes. Other times, it’s just a big defect on the center with an uneven surface.
This damage can be caused by improper raw skin preservation and care. It may also occur from poor tanning techniques
These defects are tiny round holes in the skin. They are a result of parasites present in the skin before the tanning process.
Some skins may present freckles. Some more than others but they don’t represent a big problem in the dyeing process. Freckles are not considered a defect.